Analysis & Impact

What insights and metrics does Multitudes provide?

Multitudes provides insights focused on a few key areas for teams. Here is a quick overview, but for more information on why we’ve chosen these measures, how we calculate them, and what good looks like, check out this page: What We Measure and Why.

⭐️ A star indicates a one of the 4 Key Metrics published by Google's DevOps Research and Assessment (DORA) team.

Process metrics

Flow of Work: These insights are all about how the work gets done – Multitudes shows how quickly the team finishes work and what’s blocking or interrupting people along the way. We measure things like:

  • ⭐️ Time to Merge*: This is our take on DORA's Lead Time, an indicator of how long it takes to deliver value to customers; it shows the time from PR creation to merge.
  • Review Wait Time: This shows how long people wait to get feedback on their PRs. 
  • PR Size*: How large your team's PRs are, which may contribute to a longer wait time or time to merge.

Value Delivery: This section focuses on the value created for customers.

  • ⭐️ Merge Frequency*: This is our take on DORA's Deployment Frequency, and an indicator of how much work is reaching customers; it shows the number of PRs that teams merged.
  • Types of Work*: The number of Linear issues moved to Done per week, categorised by Project. It helps you track where your team's focus and capacity is going.

Quality of Work: This section balances the volume of work with the quality, answering questions like how much re-work is required or keeping track of releases with bugs.

  • ⭐️ Change Failure Rate*: Another member of the DORA metrics, this is the percentage of deployments that cause a failure in production.
  • ⭐️ Mean Time To Restore: coming soon!

*These metrics can relate to performance. Since PRs are a team sport, we only show these metrics at the team level, not the individual level.

People metrics

Productivity is about more than just speed and output. As the recent paper on SPACE metrics points out, metrics signal what is important to an organization - and DORA metrics alone cannot capture critical dimensions like employee satisfaction, well-being, retention, collaboration, and knowledge sharing. This is why we also have people metrics to complement our process metrics.

Wellbeing: These insights provide an indicator of how people are doing – are they working long hours? Does the team communicate in ways that promote psychological safety? We measure things like:

  • Out-of-Hours Work: This measure shows how often people are doing work late at night or on weekends. This is configurable by individual, so it can account for people in different time zones and people who do part-time work or work different hours.

Collaboration: These insights are all about how the team collaborates to get work done – who’s getting support and who’s not? Who’s doing a lot of work to support others? We measure things like:

  • Comment Participation Gap: This looks at the comment ratio between the loudest and quietest voices on the team. This is an indicator of psychological safety on a team. 
  • PR Comments Written: This shows how much feedback each person on the team gave. This helps to highlight people doing “glue” work – the people who support others. 
  • Feedback Flows: This graph shows how much feedback each person gave on other people’s PRs, how much feedback they got on their own PRs, and how feedback flows between people.
Why do you focus on those specific metrics?

Check out this blog post for more information: What We Measure and Why

My commits don’t seem to be appearing in Multitudes – what’s going on?

Check that the email address that is in your local git config (<code-text><code-text> when you do <code-text>git config -l<code-text>) matches the email address(es) that are linked to your GitHub account. You can change this by either changing git config to match an email that’s in GitHub, or by adding your git config email address to your GitHub account under If the emails are different, GitHub won’t know how to match your commits to your GitHub login (although it still links it to the account because of your SSH keys).

What if we have people who work on multiple teams? Or people who don’t work on any specific teams?

We’ve left the team structure flexible so it can meet your needs: We allow people to be on multiple teams, or on no teams at all.

However, if someone is not on any team, then they won’t appear in our graphs (since our tool is focused on helping teams work better together). As soon as you add them to at least one team, then they will be included in our insights.

How does this help me become more inclusive?

By measuring team behaviors, Multitudes is able to spot where people are being excluded in the day-to-day work. Because of systemic bias, good intent sometimes doesn’t translate to fair and equitable actions. Multitudes helps you track whether you’re living your values in practice, and then will point out any gaps and suggest potential next steps. As you take action to improve, you can use Multitudes to track your progress.

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